Skin Cancer And How To Spot It

Melanoma
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Most people have a number of small colored spots on their bodies-moles, freckles, birthmarks. The average young adult has at least twenty-five brown moles. A few of these spots are present at birth, while most others develop throughout life. Almost all moles are normal and remain so. However, a change in a mole or other spot on the skin may be a first sign of an early malignant melanoma or another form of skin cancer.

Moles can appear anywhere on the skin, alone or in groups. They are usually brown in color and can be various sizes and shapes. The brown color is caused by melanocytes, special cells that produce the pigment in skin called melanin.

Moles present at birth are called congenital nevi. These moles may be more likely to develop a melanoma than moles which appear after birth. When a congenital mole is more than eight inches across, it poses the greater risk for developing melanoma.

Moles known as dysplastic nevi or atypical moles are larger than average (usually larger than a pencil eraser) and irregular in shape. They tend to have an uneven color with dark brown centers and lighter, sometimes reddish, uneven borders or black dots at the edges.

Persons with dysplastic nevi may have a greater-than-average chance of developing malignant melanoma. These people should be seen regularly by a dermatologist to check for any changes which might indicate skin cancer. They should also learn to do regular self-examinations, looking for moles, or the appearance of new moles. They should also shield their moles from sun exposure using sunscreen and/or clothing.

You should inspect your moles and pay special attention to their sizes, shapes, and color. A handy way to remember these features is to think of A-B-C-D and E for asymmetry, Border, Color, Diameter and Evolution.

Common Moles

Acne

What causes acne?
Acne is an inflammatory skin condition driven by hormones which cause oil glands to produce excess oil. This oil causes pores in the skin to become clogged. A bacterium called p. acnes inhabits the clogged pores and attracts white blood cells which form pus. In addition, redness and swelling occur.  Left untreated this inflammation can lead to permanent scarring.

How is acne treated?
Any effective acne treatment must aim to keep pores from getting clogged. Topical medications like retinoids (Retin-A, Differin, Tazorac), benzoyl peroxide, and salicylic acid help unclog pores. Topical antibiotics decrease the number of bacteria present and reduce the inflammation (redness and swelling). Sometimes antibiotic pills are also used to reduce the inflammation. In special situations medicines like Accutane or spironolactone may be used to treat acne. Sometimes chemical peels are used to treat acne too.

Why is acne treated?
Left untreated acne can lead to permanent scarring of the skin.

Is it okay to squeeze or “pop” my acne bumps?
NO! Although it is tempting to squeeze the pus from an acne bump, it actually increases your risk of permanent scarring. Certain medications can be used to help “dry up” these bumps. Resist the temptation to pick and squeeze.  You could be permanently scarring yourself.

Does junk food or greasy food worsen acne?
Foods with a high carbohydrate increase inflammation throughout the body including the skin. Choose a low carb diet to help control your acne.

Contact The Derm Clinic Today! - (228) 864-3300

Psoriasis is a long-lasting autoimmune disease characterized by patches of abnormal skin and in some cases there can be an a associated arthritis. These skin patches are typically red, itchy, and scaly. Psoriasis varies in severity from small, localized patches to complete body coverage. Psoriasis is generally thought to be a genetic disease that is triggered by environmental factors. There is no cure for psoriasis; however, various treatments can help control the symptoms.

Psoriasis

Dermatitis

Dermatitis is a group of diseases that results in inflammation of the skin. These diseases are characterized by itchiness, red skin, and a rash. In cases of short duration there may be small blisters while in long-term cases the skin may become thickened. The area of skin involved can vary from small to the entire body.

Dermatitis is a group of skin conditions that includes atopic dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, irritant contact dermatitis, and stasis dermatitis. The exact cause of dermatitis is often unclear. Cases may involve a combination of irritation, allergy, and poor venous return. The type of dermatitis is generally determined by the person’s history and the location of the rash. For example, irritant dermatitis often occurs on the hands of people who frequently get them wet. Allergic contact dermatitis occurs upon exposure to an allergen causing a hypersensitivity reaction in the skin.

Treatment of atopic dermatitis is typically with moisturizers and steroid creams. The steroid creams should generally be of mid- to high strength and used for less than two weeks at a time as side effects can occur. Antibiotics may be required if there are signs of skin infection. Contact dermatitis is typically treated by avoiding the allergen or irritant. Antihistamines may help with sleep and to decrease nighttime scratching.

Contact The Derm Clinic Today! - (228) 864-3300

Molluscum Contagiosum

What is Molluscum Contagiosum?
Molluscum Contagiosum is a common non-cancerous skin growth caused by a viral infection in the top layers of the skin. They are similar to warts, but are caused by a different virus. The name molluscum contagiosum implies that the virus and the growths are easily spread by skin contact. The virus that causes molluscum contagiosum belongs to a family of viruses called poxviruses. This virus can enter through small breaks in the skin or hair follicles and can lead to the development of molluscum lesions. It does not affect any internal organs.

Molluscum are usually small, flesh-colored or pink, dome shaped growths. They may appear shiny and have a small indentation in the center. Molluscum are often found in clusters of the skin of the chest, abdomen, arms, groin, or buttock. They can also involve the face and eyelids.

The molluscum virus is transmitted from the skin of one person who has these growths to the skin of another person. Molluscum occur where most often skin-to-skin contact is frequent. They often occur in young children, especially among siblings. Molluscum can be transmitted sexually and may be spread in swimming pools.

Treatment
Many dermatologists advise treating molluscum because they spread. However, molluscum will eventually go away on their own without leaving a scar. Because the growths are easily spread from one area of the skin to another, some growths may appear as others are going away. It may take from six months up to five years for all the molluscum to go away on their own.
Molluscum are treated in the same ways that warts are treated. They can be frozen with liquid nitrogen, destroyed with various acids or blistering solutions, treated with an electric needle (electrocautery), scraped off with a sharp instrument (curette), treated daily with a home application of a topical retinoid cream or gel, treated with a topical immune modifier, or treated with a topical anti-viral medication.

What are Warts?
Warts are non-cancerous skin growths caused by a viral infection in the top layers of the skin. Viruses that cause warts are called human papilloma virus (HPV). Warts are usually skin colored and feel rough to the touch, but they can be dark, flat, and smooth. The physical appearance of a wart depends on where it is growing.
There are several different kinds of warts including:

  • Common Warts
  • Foot (Plantar) Warts
  • Flat Warts

Common warts usually grow on the fingers, around the nails, and on the backs of the hands. They are more common where the skin has been broken, for example where fingernails are bitten or hangnails picked. These are often called “seed warts” because the blood vessels to the wart produce black dots that look like seeds.

Foot warts are usually on the soles of the feet and are called plantar warts. When plantar warts grow in clusters they are known as mosaic warts. Most plantar warts do not stick up above the surface like common warts because the pressure of walking flattens them and pushes them back into the skin. Like common warts, these warts may have black dots. Plantar warts have a bad reputation because they can be painful, feeling like a stone in the shoe.

Flat Warts are smaller and smoother than other warts. They tend to grow in large numbers, 20 to 100 at any one time. They can occur anywhere, but in children they are most common on the face. In adults they are often found in the beard area in men and on the legs in women. Irritation from shaving probably accounts for this.

Treatment
Dermatologists are trained to use a variety of treatments, depending on the age of the patient and the type of wart. Treatments include the application of salicylic acid or painting the area with cantharidin, cryotherapy (freezing) and electrosurgery (burning).

Flat warts are often too numerous to treat with methods mentioned above. As a result, peeling methods using daily applications of salicylic acid, tretinion, glycolic acid, or other surface peeling preparations are often recommended.

Foot warts are difficult to treat because the bulk of the wart lies below the skin. Treatments include the use of salicylic acid plasters, applying other chemicals to the wart, or the surgical treatments including surgery, electrosurgery, or cutting.

Warts

Hair Loss

About 90 percent of the hair on a person’s scalp is growing at any one time. The growth phase lasts between two to six years and 10 percent of the hair is in a resting phase that lasts two to three months. At the end of its resting stage, the hair is shed. When a hair is shed, a new hair from the same follicle replaces it and the growing cycle starts again. Scalp hair grows about one half inch a month. As people age, their rate of hair growth slows. Excessive hair loss can have many different causes. Hair will regrow spontaneously in some forms of hair loss. Other forms can be treated successfully by a dermatologist. Most hair shedding is due to the hair cycle. It is normal to lose 50 to 100 hairs per day. However, if you are concerned about excessive hair loss or dramatic thinning, consult your dermatologist.

Causes of Excessive Hair Loss

  • Improper Hair Cosmetic/Improper Hair Care
  • Heredity Thinning or Balding
  • Alopecia Areta  (hair loss resulting in a totally smooth round patch about the size of a coin or larger)
  • High Fever, Severe Infection, Severe Flu
  • Thyroid Disease
  • Inadequate Protein in Diet
  • Medications
  • Child Birth
  • Cancer Treatments
  • Birth Control Pills
  • Low Serum Iron
  • Major Surgery/Chronic Illness
  • Fungus Infection (Ringworm) of the Scalp
  • Trichotillomania (Hair Pulling)

Treatments for hair loss.
Non-Surgical- Topical Solution for Hair Rejuvenation

Dr. Angela Wingfield and her team recommend Revivogen MD to their patients in the Gulfport-Biloxi area with male and female pattern hair loss. Dr. Wingfield has seen great results from her patients using Revivogen MD Scalp Therapy, Shampoo and Conditioner.

The injections are performed in three monthly intervals and maintenance injections quarterly. Your own blood is drawn in our office, and it is centrifuged with a special tube to separate out the area of plasma containing the highest yield of growth factors.  That material is injected into your scalp.  Studies show an average of 30% re-growth in the treated areas.

The cost for the procedure ranges from $400-$700 depending upon the surface area treated.  Insurance and Medicare do not cover this as a treatment.  It is considered cosmetic.  We do accept Care Credit which is an interest free payment plan you can apply for online.

PRP (platelet rich plasma) injections for hair loss

What is Revivogen MD?
Revivogen MD is a dermatologist formulated, easy to use hair system to stop the progression of hair loss and reverse the hair to the way it looked up 5 years before. Revivogen MD is also widely used before and after non-surgical hair rejuvenation treatments, like microneedling and PRP. These treatments can rejuvenate the scalp and kick start the hair regrowth process but it’s vital to use an at home treatment that blocks the hormone responsible for hair loss (DHT) and stimulates the hair follicles’ growth phase.

Clinically proven to reduce hair thinning and normalize shedding, Revivogen MD is an easy to use serum that’s applied once daily and only where it’s needed, directly on the scalp. The Revivogen MD Scalp Therapy Serum uses natural ingredients that are clinically proven to blocks DHT (dihydrotestosterone) in the hair follicles, block DHT production in the scalp and stimulate the hair follicles to go into the growth phase. Simply put, it’s like combining the mechanisms of action from Finasteride and Minoxidil but using natural ingredients and applied topically, so there are no systemic side effects. Revivogen MD doesn’t reduce DHT throughout the entire body, which can lead to potential side effects like loss of libido in men.

Revivogen MD Bio-Cleansing Shampoo and Revivogen MD Thickening Conditioner are sulfate free, paraben free, use natural ingredients found in the Scalp Therapy serum and also have soothing anti-dandruff ingredients. These are all around great products for anyone with scalp irritation, naturally fine hair or thinning hair. This duo cleanses and normalizes the scalp and leaves the hair full and looking healthy.

Revivogen MD Benefits:

  • Significant improvement in thickness of hair strands
    • Significant increase in density and pigmentation
    • Improvement in 90 Days
    • 88% Success rate after 12 months of daily treatment
    • 90-day money back guarantee
    Free samples of the Bio-Cleansing Shampoo and Conditioner are available at our office. Call today for an appointment.

For more information on how Revivogen MD works visit www.Revivogen.com

Studies have shown that ultraviolet light (UV) from the sun causes immune system cells in the skin to decrease their activity. This reduces the inflammation and slows overproduction of skin cells that cause scaling.  As we all know, large amounts of ultraviolet light or sunlight can cause wrinkling, eye damage, and skin cancer.  These risks can be minimized by the latest phototherapy technology.  Light therapy is safe and effective under a doctor’s care. This involves carefully monitoring the dose and amount of time of each treatment. Detailed records are kept and frequently reviewed by the doctor during your treatment.

Our phototherapy unit or “light box” actually is three separate units. We have the traditional chamber which the patient steps into and receives therapy to the entire body. We also offer a hand/foot unit which treats only the necessary site on the hand or foot.  On average, phototherapy requires visits to our office 2-3 times a week for a period of 3-4 months.  Depending upon your response to treatment you may need a maintenance appointment every week or month, or you may achieve remission from your skin condition. There are several types of phototherapy with different regimens.  When you come in for your appointment, the provider will examine you and determine if phototherapy is a good choice for you.

Phototherapy

Pharos Excimer Laser Therapy

For more localized areas of involvement, the same wavelength of light in narrow-band UVB phototherapy can be applied with a laser hand piece.  There are several advantages to this.  The Pharos Laser uses a carefully focused beam of high-dose therapy to deliver the light energy.  Because only diseased skin is treated, the risk of burning normal surrounding skin is reduced, and treatment energies can be much higher.  This allows more aggressive treatment resulting in faster results with fewer treatments.

Perfect for rejuvenation of severely sun damaged skin and the treatment of actinic Keratosis. Also helps with acne, blue light is applied to the skin after pre-treatment with a medication which allows the laser light to be absorbed more deeply into the pores and oil glands.

This treatment also decreases size of the oil glands and helps control severely oily skin. Can be repeated at 3-4 week intervals if needed. Requires strict avoidance of all sunlight for 36 hours after treatment.